Gingivitis- Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Gum diseases are risky as they effect the health of the gums and sometimes lead to damaged or loose teeth. Gingivitis is a serious gum disease that can impact your oral health as well as your general health.

Gingivitis causes inflammation in the gums. One of the major reasons of developing gingivitis is the build-up of plaque. If it is not treated in time, gingivitis can lead to more serious complication known as Periodontitis. It is hard to diagnose gingivitis as it is painless in most cases. You have to consult an Orthodontist, if you suffer from any symptoms of the disease. Here is a list of symptoms of gingivitis as per our reputed Montgomery County orthodontist.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

  1. Inflammation in gums is one of the main symptom of the disease.
  2. The gums may also become red and swollen.
  3. Some patients also suffer from bad breath.
  4. When gingivitis is left untreated for long it leads to periodontitis. Painful and swollen gums, receding gums and bone, and abscesses are the main symptoms of this disease.

It is advisable to consult your orthodontist immediately if you notice one or a couple of these symptoms. Periodic visits to your dentist can also help to diagnose the disease early and develop a suitable treatment option.

Causes of Gingivitis

Plaque build-up is the main reason for gingivitis. Plaque is a form of bacteria that forms around the teeth. It feeds on food deposits between the teeth. They produce acids, which damage the tooth enamel and gums.

Hormonal changes, smoking, bad oral hygiene, side-effects of certain medications and genetics are some other causes of the disease.

Treatment of Gingivitis

Gingivitis can be treated during the early stages. The dentist or the orthodontist will put you on certain medications and give an anti-gingivitis toothpaste that kills the bacteria and makes your teeth strong. However, proper diagnosis and evaluation about the causes is essential to design a customized treatment plan.

Gingivitis is a gum disease that causes swollen gums and bad breath. If not treated in time, it can lead to periodontitis. Montgomery County Orthodontists advise people to schedule regular visits with their orthodontic clinics to get periodic evaluation of the teeth and gums. This will help to identify any symptoms of gingivitis or other gum diseases earlier and treat them properly.